The Proclamation of Indonesian Independence was read at 10.00 a.m. on Friday, 17 August 1945. The declaration marked the start of the diplomatic and armed resistance of the Indonesian National Revolution, fighting against the forces of the Netherlands and pro-Dutch civilians, until the latter officially acknowledged 0Indonesia’s independence in 1949.
The proclamation at 56, Jalan Pegangsaan Timur, Jakarta, was heard throughout the country because the text was secretly broadcast by Indonesian radio personnel using the transmitters of the JAKARTA Hoso Kyoku radio station. An English translation of the proclamation was broadcast overseas.
On Independence Day, celebrations begin with a flag hoisting ceremony at the president’s palace. This is accompanied by high school students chosen from across the country displaying a colorful show and the public is able to enjoy various fun activities and contests. On the Sunday after Independence Day, the government holds a parade of marching bands. Foreigners are welcomed by most Indonesian people and are able to participate through sponsoring children’s activities or helping to fund other types of activities.
The celebration of Independence Day is of great significance to the people and history of Indonesia. It is a huge event for the people of Indonesia marking the declaration of Indonesia as free nation from the foreign rule. It was the day that the Indonesian flag was unveiled. The flag is of great importance to the country and its citizens with its red color showing courage and white purity. The flag is flown with the greatest honor and utmost respect as a sign of patriotism and true nationalism. Independence Day is not only done on land but also on sea and in air to show that the land, sea and air of the Nation no longer belongs to the colonial rule but belongs to Indonesia and its citizens.